Class 3


3 ½ months- mother knows she is pregnant, hopefully less nausea than earlier on

5 months - mom shows, 25-25% of babies are breech at this point, appetite increases, need to wear maternity clothes

8 months - mother tires easily, less energy, more excitement

full term - shortness of breath, need to urinate frequently, difficulty sleeping

Drugs During Pregnancy

No drugs have been proven safe for the embryo or fetus. Prescription drug benefits and risks should be weighed very carefully before taken. 

Other things to avoid in pregnancy: food additives, preservatives, artificial sweeteners, caffeine, deodorant with aluminum, food dyes, MSG, sulfites, arsenic, nitrates, mercury

Coaching Challenges

  1. Prepare now, arrangements to be available
  2. Answers vary
  3. False alarms will be less stressful if you are prepared
  4. Comfortable clothes, swim suit for the shower, extra clothes for long labor
  5. Supportive, comfortable shoes
  6. Answers vary
  7. Personal choice, nothing smelly
  8. Lotion, tennis balls for back rubs
  9. Eat, drink water, rest when possible, keep enthusiasm up
  10. Have someone else take over for a few minutes
  11. Support yourself.


-reported effects are delayed neuromotor reflex developments and fetal anomalies in rodents and alterations in central nervous system (TM 369)

-they are inaccurate in predicting large babies (TM 369)

-they cause heat and cavitation (pockets of gas) in cells (TM 381)

-cell abnormalities for several generations have been reported in rodents (TM 381)

-damages the myelin that covers the nerves (TM381)

-reported doubling the rate of cell death (TM 381)

-more likely to develop intrauterine growth retardation (TM 381)

-increased speech delay (TM 382)

Electronic Fetal Monitoring 

-introduced in the 60’s and studies have never been done to prove safety (TM 364)

-no outcome difference in neonatal mortality, but increase in c-sections (TM351, 353)

-American College Obstetrics & Gynecology has said no measurable impact on infant morbidity (TM 364)

Intramembrane Cavitation as a Predictive Bio-Piezoelectric Mechanism for Ultrasonic Brain Stimulation - January 2014

"How Ultrasound Could Harm Your Baby" August 2015 article


-increased risk of fever which could mean c-section and 24 NICU stay for baby (with no breast-feeding) (TM 327)

-drugs do enter the baby’s bloodstream (TM 326)

-longer labors (TM 309)

-increased likelihood of malpositioned baby (TM 309)

-increase in forceps deliver (TM 322)

-quadripalegic risk (TM329)

-ability of cervix to dilate is significantly reduced (TM329)

-increased risk of having c-section (TM 330)

-possibility of having long-term back-ache (TM332)

-baby has poorer muscle tone, less alert, poorer motor development in first few months (TM 334)

-increased use of pitocin to augment a slowed labor (TM 334)

Research the pros and cons of the option at the top of the study helps and complete the rest of it.

Class 3 Links

Eating a light meal in labor is recommended by American Society of Anesthesiologists - November 2015

Interpretation of the Electronic Fetal Heart Rate During Labor

checking dilation without vaginal exams

Pitocin has adverse effects on newborn ACOG- May 2013